On 28th October 2021, the Friends of Multilateralism Group (FMG) and World Economic Forum (WEF) jointly organized an online brainstorming on subsidies and government intervention.


This session was based on the 28th GTA report “Subsidies & Market Access: Towards an Inventory of Subsidies by China, the EU & the USA (https://www.globaltradealert.org/reports/gta-28-report) and WEF White Paper “Industrial Policy and International Competition: Trade and Investment Perspectives (as attched).


Kamala Dawar, author of the WEF white paper and Senior Lecturer of the University of Sussex, Jean Heilman Grier, Trade Principal of Djaghe LLC, and FMG member Simon Evenett, author of the GTA repost and Professor of International Trade and Economic Development of University of St. Gallen shared their insights on this topic. FMG member Bernard Hoekman, Professor at European University Institute, as well as Yeling Tan, Assistant Professor of Political Science of University of Oregon shared their comments as discussant. Julia Nielson, Deputy Director of Trade and Agriculture Directorate of the OECD moderated this session.


Almost 50 participants joined the brainstorming, including members of FMG, Friends of FMG and Punta del Este Group (PEG), Ambassadors/DPRs of WTO members, offcials at the WTO Secretariat and representatives from related international organizations, think tanks and universities.


Recording of this session can be viewed via: https://youtu.be/zvTxPbdmgFM.


Annex 1: Programme of this session


Opening Remarks

Speaker: Xiankun Lu (FMG)



Moderator:  Julia Nielson, Deputy Director, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD

15:05-15:15 Speaker 1: Kamala Dawar, Senior Lecturer in Commercial Law, University of Sussex
15:15-15:20 Speaker 2: Jean Heilman Grier, Trade Principal, Djaghe LLC
15:20-15:35 Speaker 3: Simon Evenett, Professor of International Trade and Economic Development, University of St. Gallen
15:35-15:45 Discussant 1: Bernard Hoekman, Professor and Director, Global Economics at the Robert Schuman Centre for Advanced Studies, European University Institute
15:45-15:55 Discussant 2: Yeling Tan, Assistant Professor of Political Science, University of Oregon


Moderator: Julia Nielson, Deputy Director, Trade and Agriculture Directorate, OECD


Annex 2: List of confirmed participants


Confirmed Participants


1.FMG/FFMG/PEG members

Mercedes Araoz, FMG

Richard Baldwin, FMG

Clemens Boonekamp, FMG

Daniel Crosby, FMG

Deborah Elms, FMG

Simon Evenett, FMG (speaker)

Stuart Harbinson, FMG

Bernard Hoekman, FMG (discussant)

Alejandro Jara, FMG

Xiankun Lu, FMG

Hamid Mamdouh, FMG

Mario Matus, FMG&PEG

Mia Mikic, FMG

Hector R Torres, FMG

Sherry Stephenson, FMG

Alan Wolff, FMG

Olaf Wientzek, FFMG


2.WEF&WEF invitees

Aditi Sara Verghese, WEF

Kamala Dawar, University of Sussex (speaker)

Jean Heilman Grier, Djaghe LLC (speaker)

Yeling Tan, University of Oregon (discussant)

Ana Escobedo, Aperam London

Fuad Hasanov, IMF

Jan von Herff, BASF

Naoise McDonagh, University of Adelaide


3.WTO missions

Mexico: Angel Villalobos, Ambassador

Thailand: Pimchanok Pitfield, Ambassador

Canada: Martin Moen, DPR

Fiji: Anare Leweniqila, DPR

Israel: Rodolfo Rivas, DPR

Kenya: Lucy N. Kiruthu, DPR

Mexico: Ismael Ortiz, DPR

Netherlands: Marcel Vernooij, DPR

Norway: Benedicte Fleischer, DPR

Thailand: Chakarin Komolsiri, DPR

Turkey: Bahar Dogan, DPR


4.WTO Secretariat

Willy Alfaro, Director, Trade Policies Review Division

Robert Koopman, Director, Economic Research and Statistics Division

Clarisse Morgan, Director, Rules Division

Werner Zdouc, Director, Knowledge and Information Management, Academic Outreach and WTO Chairs Programme


5.International organizations

Julia Nielson, OECD (moderator)

Brad McDonald, IMF

Peter Van den Bossche, WTI


6.Think tanks

Douglas A. Irwin, PIIE

Bill Reinsch, PIIE

Chad Bown, PIIE

Hosuk Lee-Makiyama, ECIPE



Fan Cui, University of International Business and Economics

Maxim Medvedkov, National Research University Higher School of Economics

Henry Gao, Singapore Management University


Industrial Policy and International Competition