On March 23, 2023, the Friends of Multilateralism Group (FMG) organized an online brainstorming session to discuss how to address the subsidies challenge to the trading system. John Weekes, FMG member and Former Ambassador of Canada to the WTO moderated this session.


Patrick Low, FMG member and Former Chief Economist of WTO; Anabel González, Deputy Director-General at the WTO; João Aguiar Machado, Ambassador of the European Union to the WTO; and Pimchanok Pitfield, Ambassador of Thailand to the WTO shared their insights on how to address the subsidies challenge to the trading system in a forward-looking manner, followed by discussions among participants.


Over 80 participants joined the brainstorming, including members of FMG, Ambassadors/DPRs of WTO members, Directors of WTO divisions, representatives from related international organizations, and experts from renowned think tanks and universities etc.


Recording of this session can be watched via: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=z6kr2vbSCK4.


Annex 1: John Weekes_Notes to Introduce FMG Session on Subsidies Thursday March 23

Annex 2: Notes of Patrick Low for FMG subsides session_PLow_23_3_23

Annex 3: presentation of DDG Anabel González

Annex 4: Notes of Amb. Pitfield on Subsidies


Annex 5: Program



Opening Remarks

Speaker: Xiankun Lu (FMG)



Speaker:  John M Weekes (FMG)



Moderator: John M Weekes (FMG)

14:06- 14:21 Speaker 1: Patrick Low (FMG)
14:21- 14:36 Speaker 2: DDG Anabel González (WTO)
14:36-14:43 Speaker 3: Ambassador João Aguiar Machado (European Union)
14:43-14:50     Speaker 4: Ambassador Pimchanok Pitfield (Thailand)
14:50- 15:30


Moderator: John M Weekes (FMG)



Annex 6: List of confirmed participants



Mercedes Araoz (FMG)

Clemens Boonekamp (FMG)

Simon Evenett (FMG)

Alejandro Jara (FMG)

Masamichi KONO (FMG)

Siqi Li (FMG)

Patrick Low (FMG)

Bernard Hoekman (FMG)

Mario Matus (FMG)

Hamid Mamdouh (FMG)

Fernando De Mateo (FMG)

Mia Mikic (FMG)

Cecilia Malmström (FMG)

Victor Do Prado (FMG)


Sherry Stephenson (FMG)

Hector Torres (FMG)

John M Weekes (FMG)

Alan Wolff (FMG)

Xinquan Tu (FMG)


Brad McDonald (FFMG)

Anabel González (FFMG)


WTO Missions

Cabo Verde: Clara Delgado JESUS, Ambassador

Egypt: Ahmed Ihab GAMALELDIN, Ambassador

EU: João Aguiar MACHADO, Ambassador

France: Etienne OUDOT DE DAINVILLE, Ambassador

India: P.S. GANGADHAR, Ambassador

Liechtenstein: Kurt JÄGER, Ambassador

Malawi: Caroline Bwanali- Mussa, Ambassador

Thailand: Pimchanok PITFIELD, Ambassador

Niger: Laouali LABO, Ambassador

Norway: Petter ØLBERG, Ambassador

Singapore: TAN Hung Seng, Ambassador

Cabo Verde: Carla MIRANDA, DPR

Chile: Olivia COOK, DPR

Czech Republic: Lenka ŠUSTROVÁ, DPR

Finland: Anna VITIE, DPR

Hungary: Szilárd MOGYORÓSI, DPR

Israel: Shir SLUTZKY, DPR

Korea: Jung Sung PARK, DPR

Netherlands: Marcel VERNOOIJ, DPR

New Zealand: Alison HAMILTON, DPR

Türkiye: Bahar Doğan, DPR

Egypt: Ahmed Maghawry DIAB, Minister Plenipotentiary


WTO Secretariat

Willy Alfaro, Director, Trade Policies Review Division

Werner Zdouc, Director, Knowledge and Information Management, Academic Outreach and WTO Chairs Programme

Lim Aik Hoe, Director, Trade and Environment Devision

Ralph Osso, Chief Economist and Director,Economic Research and Statistics Division

Gabrielle Marceau, Senior Counsellor for Research on Legal Policy, Economic Research and Statistics Division

Maria Pereyra, Senior Counsellor, Legal Affairs Division


International Organizations

Yuvan Beejadhur, World Bank

Peter Van den Bossche, WTI

Aditi Sara Verghese, WEF


Think Tanks

Jeff Schott, PIIE

William Reinsch, CSIS

Alice Tipping, IISD



Andre Sapir, Columbia University